Natural Rainbow Challah is dyed with real food you probably already have in your kitchen! Or at least your local supermarket. Just like normal challah, but more colorful!
You asked for it, and here she is! Every time I share my mostly-beloved Rainbow Challah recipe, I get a handful of well-intended comments reminding me that food coloring is giving everyone cancer. I’m always torn because I LOVE rainbows but also hate cancer. Tricky. So I’ve been meaning to create a naturally colored Rainbow Challah forever and here we are! Just don’t get on me for the sugar and white flour, please. Baby steps.
I played around with some different options for the natural dyes, and really wanted to use easy to find ingredients so you didn’t have to Prime spinach powder (though you totally can if you want to). The one I had trouble with was when I tried using harissa for the red and it started getting too orange so I added some beet juice, but I think next time I would just use beet or pomegranate juice and skip the harissa. But the subtle spice was nice too!
Looks good enough to eat! Here is the ROYGBIV (minus the I) breakdown.
- Red= Harissa and Beet Juice. I started with just harissa, and it was too orange-y so added some beet juice. Next time I would just use beet or pomegranate juice for a more pinky-red.
- Orange = Paprika
- Yellow = Tumeric
- Green = Spinach Puree
- Blue = Red Cabbage and Baking Soda (Got that idea from Faith)
- Purple = Cooked Blueberries
Since some of these are liquidy dyes, versus the Wilton gels I usually use and love, I had to add more flour to the mix. But my challah still turned out light and fluffy and tasty! Win! You can also check out my original Rainbow Challah post for a video of how to do the 6-strand braid.
Perfect for Pride or a Unicorn birthday party or just your average Shabbat dinner! The real question was: how would they look post-baking??
Pretty good! You can see the bottom one browned more than the top one, but my fault because I was immersed in binge-watching Queer Eye instead of keeping my eye on the prize. And by prize I mean challah.
But the inside is perfect! I’m so happy. And if you’re wondering, you can hardly taste the dyes at all, they add just a subtle savory flavory to the challah that’s delicious! Yes, henny!
- For food coloring:
- Pomegranate juice, beet juice, harissa
- Red cabbage
- Baking soda
- For challah:
- 2¼ teaspoons instant yeast (1 packet)
- ¾ cup warm water (about 100 degrees)
- ¼ cup sugar (more if you like it sweet!)
- 1 large egg and 3 egg yolks, plus one for glazing
- ¼ cup vegetable oil
- ¼ cup honey (trick, measure the honey after the oil and it will slide right out!)
- 1½ teaspoons kosher salt
- 3¾ cups bread flour + more for kneading
- First, make your dye colors.
- The red/pink you can use beet or pomegranate juice. I used harissa which started to make it too orange so added some beet juice. If you want to make your own beet juice, simmer a small peeled and diced beet in a little bit of water until pink or use a juicer.
- The orange is paprika, the yellow is tumeric.
- For the green, simmer 2 cups of spinach in just enough water to cover when the spinach is packed down (I used about 1 cup). Simmer 15 minutes until spinach is very wilted and water is very green. Cool the spinach in the liquid and blend in a blender or food processor. I used this straight up, spinach pieces and all, or you can drain it.
- For the blue, take half a purple cabbage and wash, core and chop it. Simmer for 10 minutes in just enough water to cover it (I used about 1 cup). Cool cabbage in the water. Drain the cabbage reserving the liquid and add just enough baking soda to to turn it blue. It works!
- For the purple, simmer 1 cup fresh or frozen blueberries in ¼ cup water until they fall apart. Cool, drain, and reserve the liquid.
- Now, make your challah dough. Prepare the yeast in a large mixing bowl for a stand mixer by whisking it with warm water and 1 teaspoon sugar (that helps activate the yeast). Let stand until it foams and puffs up, about 10 minutes. If it doesn’t get foamy, your yeast is either bad or the water was too warm or cool. Try again!
- Using the whisk attachment for the stand mixer, or you can totally do this by hand, mix the remaining sugar, eggs, oil, and honey. (You can use a whisk if you’re doing this by hand.) Gradually add 3 cups flour and then salt, either using a hook attachment with the stand mixer on medium speed or a spoon and your hands until the dough begins to pull away from the sides. Dough should still be slightly sticky and soft. Add more flour if the dough is very sticky and knead for 5 minutes. You will knead the dough more when you add the color so you don’t have to knead too much now.
- Then divide your dough into six even pieces. I used a food scale to weigh them out.
- Flatten out each piece one at a time (keep the others covered) and put some of each of the homemade food coloring in the middle of each one. Then mix until your dough is dyed! This will take a few minutes for each, so be prepared. Add enough of each to get desired color. For the liquid food coloring, you will keep to add more flour. You want the dough to be just barely sticky but not sticking to your hands.
- Place the dough in a bowl greased with oil and cover. Let dough rise in a warm place until it has at least doubled in size, about 2–3 hours. I put mine on top of an oven heated to the lowest temperature. I put red/orange, yellow/green and blue/purple together in three separate bowls so they didn't mix too much.
- Now time to braid! You can make two smaller challot or one large challah. If you're making two, divide each color in half.
- Take one of each color and make six even strands. If you are having trouble getting them to roll out, let the gluten relax and try again. Line them up in rainbow order and pinch at the top to secure the end. Then take the purple strand on the right and move it across all the way to the left. Take the red strand on the left and move it all the way to the right. Then move the purple strand to the middle between the strands and replace it with the blue on the left (the second from the right.) Take the red and put it in the middle now, and replace it with the orange on the right (second from the left. Repeat with braiding until you reach the bottom. Secure the other ends together and tuck them under the challah. Repeat with other challah.
- Then let your challah proof again on a parchment lined baking sheet, lightly covered, until doubled in size and appears light and fluffy, about 45 minutes. Pre-heat the oven to 350 degrees F. Glaze the breads with the last egg and bake for 30-35 minutes at 350 degrees, rotating pans halfway through. If the challah start to brown too fast, cover with foil until done.
- Cool slightly and eat! Best fresh or freezes well.